Research Article| Volume 27, ISSUE 8, P1448-1451, September 2012

Effect on Blood Loss and Cost-Effectiveness of Pain Cocktails, Platelet-Rich Plasma, or Fibrin Sealant After Total Knee Arthroplasty

Published:April 23, 2012DOI:


      This study evaluated the effect of periarticular pain cocktail, platelet-rich plasma, or fibrin sealant injections on blood loss, transfusion rate, and hospital costs after total knee arthroplasty. A retrospective review of 400 patients undergoing primary total knee arthroplasty with one of the different periarticular treatments as stated above was performed. Postoperative blood loss, hemoglobin levels, allogenic blood transfusion rates, and per-case hospital injection cost were reported. Although platelet-rich plasma and fibrin sealant decreased blood loss compared with the control group (P < .001), there was no significant difference in blood loss in the pain-cocktail group or in postoperative hemoglobin levels or transfusion rates between all groups. Significant efficacy and cost-effectiveness for these modalities could not be identified and have, therefore, been discontinued at our practice. Level of evidence: level III.


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