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Surgical Options and Approaches for Septic Arthritis of the Native Hip and Knee Joint

      Abstract

      Septic arthritis (SA) of the adult knee and hip is a constantly evolving and urgent surgical issue. The epidemiology has shifted over the last few decades as have the most popular antibiotics and surgical treatments. SA of all types is increasing in the United States. There remains a high variability in the conservative and surgical management options available. This review will outline the most current understanding of the etiology and epidemiology of SA and will also discuss the distribution of causative organisms and appropriate treatments for each. A summary of evidence for different debridement and reconstructive techniques will also be presented in addition to novel areas of research to decrease the morbidity of this constantly growing problem.

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