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Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty in Young Patients: Higher Early Reoperation and Rerevision

Published:August 31, 2020DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2020.08.052

      Abstract

      Background

      Revision total knee arthroplasty (rTKA) rates are increasing in younger patients. Few studies have assessed outcomes of initial aseptic rTKA performed for younger patients compared with traditional-aged patients.

      Methods

      A detailed medical record review was performed to identify patient demographics, medical comorbidities, surgical rTKA indications, timing from index TKA to rTKA, subsequent reoperation rates, component rerevision rates, and salvage procedures for 147 young patients (158 knees) aged 55 years and younger and for a traditional older cohort of 276 patients (300 knees) between 60 and 75 years. Univariate analysis was performed to assess differences in these primary variables, and a log-rank test was used to estimate 5-year implant survival based on either reoperation or component revision and salvage procedures.

      Results

      Younger TKA patients were more likely to undergo initial aseptic rTKA within 2 years of their primary TKA (52.5% vs 29.0%, P < .001) and were more likely to undergo early reoperation (17.7% vs 9.7%, P = .02) or component rerevision (11.4% vs 6.0%, P < .05) after rTKA. Infection and extensor mechanism complications were more commonly noted in younger patients. Estimated 5-year survival was also lower for both reoperation (59.4% vs 65.7%, P = .02) and component rerevision or salvage (65.8% vs 80.1%, P = .02).

      Conclusion

      Early reoperation and component re-rTKA were performed nearly twice as often in younger rTKA than traditional-aged TKA patients. Care should be given to reduce perioperative infection and extensor mechanism failures after rTKA in younger patients.

      Keywords

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