Are Functional Outcomes of a Total Hip Arthroplasty Predictive of a Contralateral Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Retrospective Cohort Study

Published:October 07, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2021.09.024

      Abstract

      Background

      Current literature suggests that 8%-35% of patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) undergo a subsequent contralateral THA. This study aims to determine if functional outcomes after primary THA predict outcomes in the subsequent primary THA of the contralateral side.

      Methods

      A retrospective cohort of patients undergoing staged bilateral primary THA was reviewed. The Oxford Hip Score (OHS) was utilized as the functional outcome measurement tool and was assessed preoperatively and at one year postoperatively. The minimal clinically important difference (MCID) was assessed. Based on the first-side THA one-year outcomes, the odds of maintaining an MCID, or not, for the second-side THA were determined.

      Results

      The study cohort consisted of 551 patients and 1102 primary THAs. The average postoperative OHSs were similar after the first and second THA. Patients achieving the MCID with the first-side surgery were 2.6 times (95% confidence interval 1.0 to 6.64, P = .04) more likely to achieve the MCID for the second-side surgery than patients failing to reach the MCID for their first-side surgery. After the first THA, 29 (5.3%) patients failed to reach the predefined MCID for the OHS compared with 54 (9.8%) patients undergoing their second THA (odds ratio: 1.96 [95% confidence interval: 1.23 to 3.1], χ2 = 8.14, P = .005).

      Conclusions

      Functional outcomes after the first THA are predictive of functional outcomes of the second THA. Patients are more likely to achieve a clinically significant improvement after their first THA related to higher preoperative OHSs before the second THA.

      Keywords

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