High-Dose Vitamin D Supplementation Can Correct Hypovitaminosis D Prior to Total Knee Arthroplasty

Published:November 01, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2021.10.016



      Vitamin D deficiency in the perioperative surgical period is associated with inferior surgical outcomes. There are no established preoperative supplementation regimens in the orthopedic literature. The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy between 2 different supplementation regimens of vitamin D prior to total knee arthroplasty.


      We conducted a retrospective analysis of 174 patients identified as vitamin D deficient (25(OH)D < 30 ng/mL) who received one of 2 vitamin D supplementation protocols: (1) daily supplementation with D3 on a sliding scale from 1000 to 6000 IU or (2) a loading dose of 50,000 IU D3 weekly for 4 weeks then 2000 IU/d. Serum vitamin D levels were measured at 3 months and 1 month preoperatively.


      Mean patient age was 65.5(±8.6) years, and 54.6% were female. Deficiency was corrected in 73.3% of patients in the loading dose group and 42.4% of patients in the daily, low-dose group [χ2 (1, N = 174) = 16.53, P < .001]. Patients in the loading dose group also achieved a greater average correction in vitamin D levels.


      This is the first study to compare preoperative vitamin D supplementation protocols. A loading dose regimen of 50,000 IU weekly for 4 weeks followed by a maintenance dose of 2000 IU/d more effectively corrects vitamin D deficiency compared to a low-dose, daily regimen among total knee arthroplasty patients. We recommend this regimen for deficiency correction in patients who have been screened to be deficient in vitamin D preoperatively.


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