Survivorship and Radiographic Evaluation of Metaphyseal Cones With Short Cemented Stems in Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty

Published:November 03, 2021DOI:



      The purpose of this study is to evaluate the survivorship and radiographic outcomes of a single design of metaphyseal cone used in conjunction with short cemented stems.


      A retrospective analysis was conducted of revision total knee arthroplasty (rTKA) patients (June 2015 to December 2017) using porous titanium femoral or tibial cones in conjunction with short cemented stems (50-75 mm). Minimum follow-up was 2 years. Survivorship, complications, and a modified Knee Society Radiographic score were analyzed.


      Forty-nine rTKAs were included in the study (12 femoral cones, 48 tibial cones). Varus-valgus constraint was used in 28 (57%) and a hinged bearing was used in 3 (6%) of these constructs. The majority were index rTKAs of primary components (86%), performed for aseptic loosening (51%) and reimplantation following staged treatment for infection (37%). Median follow-up was 39 months (range 25-58). Using a modified Knee Society Radiographic score, all constructs were classified as stable. Postoperatively, 4 rTKAs were complicated by recurrent infection (8%), periprosthetic fracture 2 (4%), and superficial wound infection 1 (2%). Seven rTKAs (14%) required reoperation. The majority of reoperations (4 rTKAs) were debridement and irrigation with implant retention for infection. Metaphyseal cone constructs with short cemented stems demonstrated 100% survivorship free of revision for aseptic loosening without evidence of radiographic loosening in any case.


      Our results demonstrate excellent outcomes with the use of metaphyseal cones with short cemented stems at mid-term follow-up. This construct avoids the use of long-stem fixation with the associated extraction difficulty, end of stem pain, and potential for malposition at the joint line.

      Level of Evidence

      IV, Case Series.


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