Same-Day Discharge Total Hip and Knee Arthroplasty: Trends, Complications, and Readmission Rates

Published:November 19, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2021.11.023

      Abstract

      Background

      Although total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are transitioning to surgery centers, there remain limited data on trends, comorbidities, and complications in patients discharged the same day of surgery. In addition, many studies are limited to the Medicare population, excluding a large proportion of outpatient surgery patients.

      Methods

      Primary, elective THA/TKA cases between 2010 and 2017 were retrospectively identified using the PearlDiver All-Payer Database and separated based on surgery as well as same-day discharge (SDD) or non-SDD. Data were collected on demographics, rates, comorbidities, and complications. Multivariable logistic regression determined adjusted odds ratios (ORs) for 90-day complications requiring readmission for each group.

      Results

      In total, 1,789,601 (68.8% TKA, 31.2% THA) patients were identified where 2.9% of TKAs and 2.2% of THAs were SDD. Annual SDD rates are increasing, with a 15.8% mean annual change for SDD-THA and 11.1% for SDD-TKA (P < .001). SDD patients were younger with fewer comorbidities (P < .001). Regression analysis showed an overall slightly higher OR of complications requiring readmission for SDD-TKA vs non-SDD-TKA (OR 1.14, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.07-1.21, P < .001). There was no significant difference for SDD-THA vs non-SDD-THA (OR 1.03, 95% CI 0.94-1.13, P = .49). In univariate analysis, SDD-THA vs SDD-TKA had more mechanical complications (P < .001), but less pulmonary embolisms (P < .001). Regression analysis showed a slightly higher risk of complications for SDD-THA vs SDD-TKA (OR 1.19, 95% CI 0.99-1.44, P = .05).

      Conclusion

      The prevalence of SDD is rising. SDD-THA is increasing more rapidly than SDD-TKA. SDD patients are generally younger with fewer comorbidities. SDD-TKA has slightly higher odds of complications requiring readmission than non-SDD-TKA. SDD-THA and SDD-TKA have different complication profiles.

      Keywords

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