Do In-Hospital Rothman Index Scores Predict Postdischarge Adverse Events and Discharge Location After Total Knee Arthroplasty?

Published:December 22, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2021.12.022

      Abstract

      Background

      There have been efforts to reduce adverse events and unplanned readmissions after total joint arthroplasty. The Rothman Index (RI) is a real-time, composite measure of medical acuity for hospitalized patients. We aimed to examine the association among in-hospital RI scores and complications, readmissions, and discharge location after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We hypothesized that RI scores could be used to predict the outcomes of interest.

      Methods

      This is a retrospective study of an institutional database of elective, primary TKA from July 2018 until December 2019. Complications and readmissions were defined per Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. Analysis included multivariate regression, computation of the area under the curve (AUC), and the Youden Index to set RI thresholds.

      Results

      The study cohort’s (n = 957) complications (2.4%), readmissions (3.6%), and nonhome discharge (13.7%) were reported. All RI metrics (minimum, maximum, last, mean, range, 25th%, and 75th%) were significantly associated with increased odds of readmission and home discharge (all P < .05). RI scores were not significantly associated with complications. The optimal RI thresholds for increased risk of readmission were last ≤ 71 (AUC = 0.65), mean ≤ 67 (AUC = 0.66), or maximum ≤ 80 (AUC = 0.63). The optimal RI thresholds for increased risk of home discharge were minimum ≥ 53 (AUC = 0.65), mean ≥ 69 (AUC = 0.65), or maximum ≥ 81 (AUC = 0.60).

      Conclusion

      RI values may be used to predict readmission or home discharge after TKA.

      Keywords

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