General versus Neuraxial Anesthesia in Revision Surgery for Periprosthetic Joint Infection

Published:January 08, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2022.01.002

      Abstract

      Background

      The purpose of this study was to compare neuraxial and general anesthesia in revision surgery for periprosthetic joint infection (PJI).

      Methods

      Patients undergoing revision arthroplasty for PJI were identified in the 2005-2019 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program databases. Thirty-day outcomes were compared between general and neuraxial anesthesia. Propensity-score matching and multivariate analysis were used to control for patient and procedural variables.

      Results

      Neuraxial anesthesia was used in 1,511 (16.8%) cases and general anesthesia in 7,468 (83.2%) cases. Neuraxial anesthesia had a lower risk of any adverse event (odds ratio [OR] 0.70, p<0.001), serious adverse events (OR 0.77, p<0.001), and minor adverse events (OR 0.66, p<0.001). Among 875 reoperations and 1,351 readmissions, two had a diagnosis of intraspinal abscess, both occurring after general anesthesia.

      Conclusions

      Neuraxial anesthesia was associated with a lower risk of adverse events when compared to general anesthesia in revision surgery for PJI.

      Keywords

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