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Optimizing Spinal Anesthesia in Same-Day Discharge Knee Arthroplasty Patients: Mepivacaine Versus Ropivacaine

      Abstract

      Background

      Short-acting spinal anesthetics are playing an increasing role in same-day discharge total joint arthroplasty though their direct comparison remains to be studied. Therefore, this study aims to compare two formulations of spinal anesthesia regarding time to discharge following knee arthroplasty surgery.

      Methods

      A retrospective study was performed on 207 patients who underwent unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA, n = 172) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA, n = 35) from May 2018 to December 2020 at a single institution and were discharged the same day. Two formulations of the spinal anesthetic were routinely administered in this population: 1) mepivacaine 1.5% 3-4 mL (n = 184) and 2) ropivacaine 0.5% 2.3-2.7 mL (n = 23). Discharge times were subsequently compared between mepivacaine and ropivacaine spinal anesthesia for each surgical procedure and between surgical procedures.

      Results

      There was no significant difference in discharge times between patients receiving mepivacaine versus ropivacaine for UKA (202 minutes [range = 54-449] versus 218 minutes [range = 175-385], P = .45) or TKA (193 minutes [range = 68-384] versus 196 minutes [range = 68-412], P = .93). Similarly, no difference was found in discharge times between UKA and TKA patients receiving mepivacaine (P = .68) or ropivacaine (P = .51).

      Conclusion

      There was no significant difference in discharge times between anesthetic agents among knee surgery patients. Therefore, either agent may be recommended for same-day discharge.

      Keywords

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