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Optimized Tourniquet Use in Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Comparative, Prospective, and Randomized Study

Published:October 21, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2022.10.026

      Abstract

      Background

      The results of recent studies investigating tourniquet (TNQ) use for knee arthroplasty are controversial. Therefore, this study aimed to compare patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty who did not have a TNQ to those in whom an optimized TNQ protocol was applied.

      Methods

      We prospectively evaluated 127 patients who had knee osteoarthritis who had undergone total knee arthroplasty and randomized them into two groups: “without TNQ” and “optimized TNQ” (TNQ inflation before skin incision, deflation after cementing, with pressure one hundred millimeters of mercury above the systolic blood pressure, and without articular suction drain usage). The means of surgery and TNQ duration, blood loss, number of blood transfusions, degree of pain, edema, range of motion (ROM), functional score over time, and postoperative complications were compared between the groups. Statistical significance was set at P < .05.

      Results

      No significant differences were found in terms of surgical timing, blood loss, thigh and knee pain, edema, ROM, functional scores, and complications between the “without TNQ” and “optimized TNQ” groups.

      Conclusion

      The use of an optimized TNQ in primary total knee arthroplasty presents similar clinical results to surgery without a TNQ and did not increase the incidence of postoperative complications. Its use allowed surgery to occur with the benefits of a clean and dry surgical field provided by TNQ without increasing procedure-related comorbidities.

      Keywords

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